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ETIQUETTE OF EID UL FITR

THE SUNNAHS THAT THE MUSLIM SHOULD OBSERVE ON THE DAY OF EID ARE AS FOLLOWS:

 

1 - DOING GHUSL BEFORE GOING OUT TO THE PRAYER

IT WAS NARRATED IN A SAHEEH HADEETH IN AL-MUWAT TA' AND ELSEWHERE THAT 'ABD-ALLAH IBN 'UMAR USED TO DO GHUSL ON THE DAY OF AL-FITR BEFORE GOING OUT TO THE PRAYER-PLACE IN THE MORNING. AL-MUWATTA' 428.

AL- NAWAWI (MAY ALLAH HAVE MERCY ON HIM) SAID THAT THE MUSLIMS WERE UNANIMOUSLY AGREED THAT IT IS MUSTAHABB TO DO GHUSL FOR EID PRAYER.

THE REASON WHY IT IS MUSTAHABB IS THE SAME REASON AS THAT FOR DOING GHUSL BEFORE JUMU'AH AND OTHER PUBLIC GATHERINGS. RATHER ON EID THE REASON IS EVEN STRONGER

2- EATING BEFORE GOING OUT TO PRAY ON EID

PART OF THE ETIQUETTE IS NOT TO GO OUT TO PRAY ON EID AL-FITR UNTIL ONE HAS EATEN SOME DATES,

BECAUSE OF THE HADEETH NARRATED BY AL-BUKHARI FROM ANAS IBN MALIK, WHO SAID THAT THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) USED NOT TO GO OUT ON THE MORNING OF EID AL-FITR UNTIL HE HAD EATEN SOME DATES. OF WHICH HE WOULD EAT ODD NUMBER. AL-BUKHARI, 953.

IT IS MUSTAHABB TO EAT BEFORE GOING OUT TO EMPHASIZE THE FACT THAT IT IS FORBIDDEN TO FAST ON THAT DAY AND TO DEMONSTRATE THAT THE FAST HAS ENDED.

3- TAKBEER ON THE DAY OF EID

THIS IS ONE OF THE GREATEST SUNNAHS ON THE DAY OF EID BECAUSE ALLAH SAYS (INTERPRETATION OF THE MEANING):

'(HE WANTS THAT YOU) MUST COMPLETE THE SAME NUMBER (OF DAYS), AND THAT YOU MUST MAGNIFY ALLAH [I.E. TO SAY TAKBEER (ALLAHU AKBAR: ALLAH IS THE MOST GREAT)] FOR HAVING GUIDED YOU SO THAT YOU MAY BE GRATEFUL TO HIM"

[AL-BAQARAH 2:185]

SAYING TAKBEER WHEN COMING OUT OF ONE'S HOUSE TO THE PRAYER PLACE AND UNTIL THE IMAM CAME OUT WAS SOMETHING THAT WAS WELL KNOWN AMONG THE SALAF (EARLY GENERATIONS). THIS HAS BEEN NARRATED BY A NUMBER OF SCHOLARS SUCH AS IBN ABI SHAYBAH, 'ABD A L-RAZZAQ AND AL-FIRYABI IN AHKAM AL-EIDAYN FROM A GROUP OF THE SALAF. FOR EXAMPLE, NAFI' IBN JUBAYR USED TO RECITE TAKBEER AND WAS ASTONISHED THAT THE PEOPLE DID NOT DO SO, AND HE SAID, 'WHY DO YOU NOT RECITE TAKBEER?"

IBN SHIHAB AL-ZUHRI (MAY ALLAH HAVE MERCY ON HIM) USED TO SAY, 'THE PEOPLE USED TO RECITE TAKBEER FROM THE TIME THEY CAME OUT OF THEIR HOUSES UNTIL THE IMAM CAME IN."

THE TIME FOR TAKBEER ON EID AL-FITR STARTS FROM THE NIGHT BEFORE EID UNTIL THE IMAM ENTERS TO LEAD THE EID PRAYER.

DESCRIPTION OF THE TAKBEER:

IT WAS NARRATED IN THE MUSANNAF OF IBN ABI SHAYBAH WITH A SAHEEH ISNAD FROM IBN MAS'OOD (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM) THAT HE USED TO RECITE TAKBEER DURING THE DAYS OF TASHREEQ:

ALLAHU AKBAR, ALLAHU AKBAR, LA ILAHA ILL-ALLAH, WA ALLAHU AKBAR, ALLAH AKBAR, WA LILLAH IL-HAMD(ALLAH IS MOST GREAT, ALLAH IS MOST GREAT, THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH, ALLAH IS MOST GREAT, ALLACH IS MOST GREAT, AND TO ALLAH BE PRAISE).

IT WAS ALSO NARRATED ELSEWHERE BY IBN ABI SHAYBAH WITH THE SAME ISNAD, BUT WITH THE PHRASE 'ALLAHU AKBAR" REPEATED THREE TIMES.

AL-MAHAMILI NARRATED WITH A SAHEEH ISNAD ALSO FROM IBN MAS'OOD:

'ALLAHU AKBARU KABEERA, ALLAHU AKBARU KABEERA, ALLAHU AKBAR WA AJALLU, ALLAHU AKBAR WA LILLAH IL-HAMD (ALLAH IS MOST GREAT INDEED, ALLAH IS MOST GREAT INDEED, ALLAH IS MOST GREAT AND GLORIFIED, ALLAH IS MOST GREAT AND TO ALLAH BE PRAISE)."

SEE AL-IRWA' 3/126.

4- OFFERING CONGRATULATIONS

THE ETIQUETTE OF EID ALSO INCLUDES THE CONGRATULATIONS AND GOOD WISHES EXCHANGED BY PEOPLE, NO MATTER WHAT THE WORDING, SUCH AS SAYING TO ONE ANOTHER

TAQABBALA ALLAH MINNA WA MINKUM (MAY ALLAH ACCEPT (GOOD DEEDS) FROM US AND FROM YOU" OR 'EID MUBARAK" AND OTHER PERMISSIBLE EXPRESSIONS OF CONGRATULATIONS.

IT WAS NARRATED THAT JUBAYR IBN NUFAYR SAID: WHEN THE COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) MET ONE ANOTHER ON THE DAY OF EID, THEY WOULD SAY TO ONE ANOTHER, ' MAY ALLAH ACCEPT (GOOD DEEDS) FROM US AND FROM YOU." IBN HAJAR SAID, ITS ISNĀD IS HASAN. AL-FATH, 2/446.

5 ADORNING ONESELF ON THE OCCASION OF EID

IT WAS NARRATED THAT 'ABD-ALLAH IBN 'UMAR (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM) SAID THAT 'UMAR TOOK A BROCADE CLOAK THAT WAS FOR SALE IN THE MARKET AND BROUGHT IT TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLĀH (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM), AND SAID, 'O MESSENGER OF ALLAH, BUY THIS AND ADORN YOURSELF WITH IT FOR EID AND FOR RECEIVING THE DELEGATIONS." THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) SAID TO HIM, RATHER THIS IS THE DRESS OF ONE WHO HAS NO SHARE (OF PIETY OR OF REWARD IN THE HEREAFTER)." NARRATED BY AL-BUKHARI, 948.

IT WAS NARRATED THAT JABIR (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM) SAID: THE PROPHET (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) HAD A CLOAK WHICH HE WOULD WEAR ON THE TWO EIDS AND ON FRIDAYS. SAHEEH IBN KHUZAY MAH, 1756,

AL-BAYHAQI NARRATED WITH A SAHEEH ISNĀD THAT IBN 'UMAR USED TO WEAR HIS BEST CLOTHES ON EID.

SO A MAN SHOULD WEAR THE BEST CLOTHES THAT HE HAS WHEN GOING OUT FOR EID.

6- WOMEN ADORNING ONESELF ON THE OCCASION OF EID

WITH REGARD TO WOMEN, THEY SHOULD AVOID ADORNING THEMSELVES WHEN THEY GO OUT FOR EID, BECAUSE THEY ARE FORBIDDEN TO SHOW OFF THEIR ADORNMENTS TO NON-MAHRAM MEN. IT IS ALSO HARAM FOR A WOMAN WHO WANTS TO GO OUT TO PUT ON PERFUME OR TO EXPOSE MEN TO TEMPTATION, BECAUSE THEY ARE ONLY GOING OUT FOR THE PURPOSE OF WORSHIP.

7- GOING TO THE PRAYER BY ONE ROUTE AND RETURNING BY ANOTHER

IT WAS NARRATED THAT JABIR IBN 'ABD-ALLAH (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM) SAID: ON THE DAY OF EID, THE PROPHET (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM) USED TO VARY HIS ROUTE. NARRATED BY AL-BUKHARI, 986.

IT WAS SAID THAT THE REASON FOR THAT WAS SO THAT THE TWO ROUTES WOULD TESTIFY FOR HIM ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION, FOR THE EARTH WILL SPEAK ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION AND SAY WHAT WAS DONE ON IT, BOTH GOOD AND BAD.

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